AP Psychology Homework
Motivation: Behavior versus Inferences
When placed near object X, a rat repeatedly runs to object Y.
Student A says the rat "fears object X".
Student B feels the rat "likes object Y".
Student C believes that most behavior is energized by more than one motive operating simultaneously and therefore, indicates that the rat both "fears object X and likes object Y".
Student D, who is a strict behaviorist, suggest that students A, B, and C are engaging in anthropomorphism and that all one can say is that "the rat runs from X to Y".
1. Assuming that objects X and Y are small and
easily moved about by you, how would you determine
2. What inferences and behavior definitions are involved in testing the students' hypotheses?